Pattern of genetic inheritance of morphological and agronomic traits of sorghum associated with resistance to sorghum shoot fly, Atherigona soccata

Riyazaddin, M and Ashok Kumar, A and Munghate, R S and Gaddameedi, A and Kavi Kishor, P B and Sharma, H C (2018) Pattern of genetic inheritance of morphological and agronomic traits of sorghum associated with resistance to sorghum shoot fly, Atherigona soccata. Euphytica (TSI), 214(2) (32). pp. 1-20. ISSN 0014-2336

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Abstract

Sorghum shoot fly, Atherigona soccata is an important pest of sorghum during the seedling stage, which influences both fodder and grain yield. To understand the nature of inheritance of shoot fly resistance in sorghum, we performed generation mean analysis using two crosses IS 18551 × Swarna and M 35-1 × ICSV 700 during the 2013–2014 cropping seasons. The F1, F2, BC1 and BC2 progenies, along with the parental lines were evaluated for agronomic and morphological traits associated with resistance/susceptibility to sorghum shoot fly, A. soccata. The cross IS 18551 × Swarna exhibited significant differences between the parents for shoot fly deadhearts (%) in the postrainy season. The progenies of this cross exhibited lower shoot fly damage, suggesting that at least one of the parents should have genes for resistance to develop shoot fly-resistant hybrids. Leaf glossiness, leafsheath pigmentation and plant vigor score during the seedling stage exhibited non-allelic gene interactions with dominant gene action, whereas 100 seed weight showed both additive and dominant gene interactions. Presence of awns showed recessive nature of the awned gene. Generation mean analysis suggested that both additive and dominance gene effects were important for most of the traits evaluated in this study, but dominance had a more pronounced effect.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Research Program : Asia
Research Program : West & Central Africa
CRP: UNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sorghum shoot fly resistance, Atherigona soccata, Genetic inheritance, Generation mean analysis, heterosis breeding, shoot fly-resistant sorghum
Subjects: Others > Crop Improvement
Others > Pest Management
Mandate crops > Sorghum
Others > Genetics and Genomics
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 06 Apr 2018 05:31
Last Modified: 06 Apr 2018 05:31
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/10537
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10681-018-2111-9
Projects: HOPE-sorghum and millet project
Funders: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
Acknowledgement: We are thankful to the sorghum entomology group and the sorghum breeding group for their support and help in carrying out this research work. We also thank Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation for their financial support through HOPE-sorghum and millet project.
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