Comparative Evaluation of Direct Dry-Seeded and Transplanted Rice in the Dry Zone of Karnataka, India

Soriano, J B and Wani, S P and Rao, A N and Sawargaonkar, G L and Gowda, J A C (2018) Comparative Evaluation of Direct Dry-Seeded and Transplanted Rice in the Dry Zone of Karnataka, India. Philippine Journal of Science, 147 (1). pp. 165-174. ISSN 0031 - 7683

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Sustaining yield and economic stability of direct dry-seeded rice needs to be considered before setting into large scale adoption of the emerging rice production system in the dry zone areas of Karnataka state, India. The study was aimed at comparing direct dry-seeded and transplanted systems of rice cultivation with the participation of farmers concerning rice growth, yield, water productivity, and economic returns. Samba Mahsuri (BPT 5204) rice cultivar was used in the two-year farmer participatory field study conducted at Raichur district of Karnataka. The rice grain yield, harvest index, 1,000-grain weight, and above-ground biomass did not differ among direct dry-seeded and transplanted rice systems. Results of this study indicated that higher grain yield with direct dry-seeded rice can be achieved by using rice cultivars that can produce more productive tillers plus longer panicles and not necessarily high biomass. Irrigation water use for direct dry-seeded rice is lesser by around 46% compared with transplanted rice due to dry cultivation during land preparation and flush irrigation at early crop growth stages. Grain yield of direct dry-seeded rice, which was comparable to that of transplanted rice and with higher water productivity, indicates that this system can be more attractive to rice farmers in the dry zones. Slight reduction in grain yield (5%) with direct dry-seeded rice compared to transplanted rice was compensated by 44-48% lower production cost, resulting in significantly higher net returns by US$ 230 ha-1 (23%) compared to transplanted rice. The benefit-cost ratio was significantly higher in direct dry-seeded rice by 69%. Considering usual drought and unstable water supply situations in the dry zones, it is anticipated that farmer adoption of direct dry-seeded rice system will be increased due to the benefits of greater profitability, better grain yield of improved cultivars, and higher water productivity.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Research Program : Asia
Uncontrolled Keywords: Direct dry-seeded rice, dry zone, economic returns, grain yield, transplanted rice, water productivity
Subjects: Others > Karnataka
Others > Water Resources
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2018 10:32
Last Modified: 03 Apr 2018 10:32
Official URL:
Acknowledgement: This work was supported by the Government of Karnataka through the Bhoo-Samrudhi project coordinated by the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) through the efforts of ICRISAT Development Center (IDC) with the support of International Rice Research Institute (IRRI)-South Asia Hub at ICRISAT campus, Joint Director of Agriculture (JDA) of Raichur District, and University of Agricultural Sciences-Raichur (UAS-R), Karnataka state, India.
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