Microbial consortium culture and vermi-composting technologies for recycling on-farm wastes and food production

Chander, G and Wani, S P and Gopalakrishnan, S and Mahapatra, A and Chaudhury, S and Pawar, C S and Kaushal, M and Rao, A V R K (2018) Microbial consortium culture and vermi-composting technologies for recycling on-farm wastes and food production. International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture. pp. 1-10. ISSN 2195-3228

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Abstract

Purpose A study was conducted to characterize the ‘Madhyam culture’ (Excel Crop Care Limited.), an aerobic-composting microbial consortium culture, and understand composting dynamics, product quality and use in crop production vis-à-vis vermi-composting (using earthworms). Methods 16S rDNA analysis was used to characterize aerobic-composting culture. Aerobic-composting and vermi-composting technologies were evaluated to decompose sorghum straw and dung biomass (80:20 ratio; primed with 0.5% urea and 4% rock phosphate) to study days to maturity and composting dynamics in terms of changes in temperature and microbial population. Compost quality was tested for macro-, micro-nutrients and C:N ratio, and evaluated for food production in on-farm trials. Results 16S rDNA analysis screened sixteen bacterial isolates—eight related to genus Bacillus, three to each Halobacillus and Staphylococcus, one to each Microbacterium and Streptomyces. The population of bacteria was 4.5 cfu ml−1 at 10−7 dilution. Aerobic- and vermi-composts matured in around 50 and 60 days, respectively. Aerobic-composting throughout recorded relatively higher bacterial population, and higher temperatures during the initial phase. Aerobic-compost tested for high nutrient (1.55% N, 0.93% P, 1.00% K) content and stable C:N ratio (10.3) compared to vermi-compost (1.11% N, 0.43% P, 0.96% K and C:N ratio of 11.7). Field evaluation of both composts showed yield benefit and saving of chemical fertilizers up to 25%. Conclusions Aerobic-composting (using microbial consortium culture), like vermi-composting, proved to be an effective technology with advantage of no requirement to maintain ambient living conditions in lean periods as is required for earthworms in vermi-composting, but needs more energy/labor for biomass turnings. Keywords

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Research Program : Asia
CRP: UNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: Composting dynamics, Compost quality, Nutrient recycling, Soil carbon building, Low soil organic carbon, Composting
Subjects: Others > Food Production
Others > Fertilizers
Others > Fertilizer Applications
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2018 04:45
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2018 04:45
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/10409
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40093-018-0195-9
Projects: UNSPECIFIED
Funders: Government of Andhra Pradesh and Sir Dorabji Tata Trust
Acknowledgement: Funding support in on-farm scaling-out/evaluation from Government of Andhra Pradesh and Sir Dorabji Tata Trust is gratefully acknowledged. Authors acknowledge help from Mr K Srinivas in assisting to automatically record composting biomass temperatures; and Mr G Pardhasaradhi in chemical analysis of samples. Help from Mr LS Jangawad and Mr Krishna Reddy in facilitating to conduct this study and Dr A Rathore in statistically analyzing yield data is duly acknowledged.
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