Mental models of food security in rural Mali

Rivers III, L and Sanga, U and Sidibe, A and Wood, A and Paudel, R and Marquart-Pyatt, S T and Ligmann-Zielinska, A and Olabisi, L S and Du, E J and Liverpool-Tasie, S (2017) Mental models of food security in rural Mali. Environment Systems and Decisions. pp. 1-19. ISSN 2194-5403

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Abstract

Recent estimates indicate that 12% of the global population is likely to have suffered from chronic hunger, due to lack of enough food for an active and healthy life. West Africa, specifically across the Sahel countries, is acutely vulnerable to food insecurity concerns. Mail is emblematic of this problem with approximately 4.6 million citizens considered food insecure. Food security poses formidable challenges. Studies have shown that in order to understand food insecurity and identify steps for effective intervention, there is a need to apprehend the food systems and food in/security in a holistic way beyond production alone. Understanding the behavioral aspects of food security is critical in the African context where agriculture, while oriented toward basic subsistence, remains embedded in social system including the social dynamics of households, extended families, and communities. This exploratory work focuses on developing a nuanced understanding of food security and adaptive behaviors to current challenges to food security at the household level with a distinct focus on inter- and intra-family behavioral dynamics in rural, southern Mali. Using mental models methodology, we developed two influence diagrams and a set of sub-models that represent rural households’ mental models of food security under traditional conditions and under conditions of external pressures. These models suggest that food security in rural Mali is at considerable risk due to the influence of external challenges, such as climate change, on traditional behaviors and a lack of easily accessible corresponding behavioral adaptations.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Research Program : West & Central Africa
CRP: UNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mental models, Food security, Climate change, Agriculture, Mali, Mental models methodology
Subjects: Others > Climate Change
Others > Food Security
Others > Mali
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 15 Dec 2017 09:36
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2017 09:36
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/10354
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10669-017-9669-y
Projects: UNSPECIFIED
Funders: UNSPECIFIED
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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