High throughput phenotyping and advanced genotyping reveals QTLs for plant vigor and water saving traits in a “QTL-hotspot”: New opportunities for enhancing drought tolerance in chickpea

Sivasakthi, K and Thudi, M and Tharanya, M and Kale, S M and Kholova, J and Halime, M H and Jaganathan, D and Baddam, R and Thirunalasundari, T and Gaur, P M and Varshney, R K and Vadez, V (2017) High throughput phenotyping and advanced genotyping reveals QTLs for plant vigor and water saving traits in a “QTL-hotspot”: New opportunities for enhancing drought tolerance in chickpea. In: InterDrought-V, February 21-25, 2017, Hyderabad, India.

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Abstract

Terminal drought stress leads to substantial yield losses in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Water conservation at vegetative growth (canopy conductivity and canopy size and development) allow plants to increase soil water extraction during grain filling and are hypothesised to help chickpea adaptation to water limited environments. Plant vigour and water saving traits were phenotyped in 232 recombinant inbred lines (RILs), derived from a cross between ICC4958 and ICC1882, at 28 days after sowing under well water conditions using a high throughput phenotyping platform. Different density genetic maps (241-SSRLow density, 1007-SSR+SNPs-High density and 1557-SNPs-Ultra high density) were used for QTLs identification. Several major QTLs (M-QTLs) for plant vigour traits (3D-leaf area, shoot biomass, plant height and growth related traits) were identified on CaLG04, and co-mapped with previously identified and fine mapped major drought tolerance QTL-hotspot region on CaLG04 (~300Kb).The canopy conductance trait (e.g Transpiration rate) had a M-QTL mapped on CaLG03 using ultra-high density bin markers. Plant vigour traits on CaLG04 and canopy conductance related traits on CaLG03 provide opportunity to manipulate these loci to tailor recombinants having lower transpiration rate and high plant vigour. This ideotype might be enhancing the water stress adaptation in chickpea. To test this hypothesis, a subset of 40 RILs contrasting for vigour and water use traits was tested in lysimeters and field under different water stress treatments. High vigour low water use lines had higher seed yield under severe water stress treatments than high vigour and high water use lines, validating the hypothesis.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: Research Program : Asia
Research Program : Genetic Gains
Research Program : Innovation Systems for the Drylands (ISD)
CRP: UNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: Phenotyping, Genotyping, QTLs, QTL-hotspot, Drought tolerance, Chickpea
Subjects: Others > Abiotic Stress
Others > Drought Tolerance
Mandate crops > Chickpea
Others > Drought
Others > Genetics and Genomics
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2017 06:18
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2018 09:13
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/10305
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