Exploiting Genetic Diversity for Adaptation and Mitigation of Climate Change: A Case of Finger Millet in East Africa

Manyasa, E O and Tongoona, P and Shanahan, P and Githiri, S M and Ojulong, H and Rathore, A (2016) Exploiting Genetic Diversity for Adaptation and Mitigation of Climate Change: A Case of Finger Millet in East Africa. In: 1st International Agrobiodiversity Congress, November 06-09, 2016, New Delhi, India.

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With the reality of global climate change there is a need to exploit the variation in the germplasm in order to develop genotypes adapted to these changes. This requires breeding and selection of crops at strategically selected locations along a rainfall/temperature gradient to enable farmers select desired cultivars. Eighty one finger millet germplasm lines from East Africa were evaluated in eight environments spread across Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda for adaptation, grain yield stability using the additive main effects and multiplicative interaction (AMMI) ANOVA and Genotype and Genotype x Environment (GGE) models and blast reaction under artificial and natural inoculation. Lanet 2012 long rains, Serere 2012 long rains and Miwaleni 2012 long rains were found to be the most discriminating environments for the low temperature, sub-humid mid-altitude and dry lowland areas, respectively. Alupe 2012 long rains was the ideal environment for blast selection. Seven genotypes were identified for yield stability across the eight environments whereas nine genotypes had specific adaptation. Nine genotypes were identified with resistance to three blast types. However, one and two genotypes had high resistance only to leaf and neck blast, respectively. Two resistant and 12 moderately resistant genotypes to blast attained the highest grain yields and had varied maturity, plant heights and grain colour. This will provide farmers the opportunity to select genotypes appropriate to their target agro-ecologies with desired end-uses. The East African finger millet germplasm has high potential as a source of climate smart high yielding and blast resistant genotypes for direct production and/or breeding.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Genetic Diversity, Finger Millet, GGE, Yield Stability, Climate Change, East Africa
Subjects: Mandate crops > Millets > Finger Millet
Others > Genetics and Genomics
Others > Climate Change
Others > East Africa
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2017 11:02
Last Modified: 21 Nov 2017 11:02
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/10300
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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