Grain yield of selected crops at four climate analogue locations in Zimbabwe

Nyamangara, J and Masvaya, E N and Tirivavi, R and Munodawafa, A and Harris, D (2013) Grain yield of selected crops at four climate analogue locations in Zimbabwe. In: Joint proceedings of the 27th Soil Science Society of East Africa and the 6th African Soil Science Society, Nakuru, Kenya, 20 – 25 October 2013.

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Abstract

Predicted warmer climates are likely to negatively affect production systems and expose smallholder farmers in sub-Saharan Africa, whose adaptive capacity is limited mainly due to poverty, to food insecurity. We studied the performance of selected varieties representing short, medium and long duration growth periods of four crops (maize (Zea mays L.), sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.), groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) and cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) at two pairs (wet and dry) of 2050s climate analogue sites. Climate analogues, based on 30 years metereological data, were identified in smallholder areas of Zimbabwe. The sites were Kadoma (722 mm annual mean rainfall; 21.8oC annual mean temperature) which was the higher-temperature analogue site for Mazowe (842 mm annual mean rainfall; 18.2oC annual mean temperature) for wetter areas, and Chiredzi (541 mm annual mean rainfall; 21.3oC annual mean temperature) which was the higher-temperature analogue site for Matobo (567 mm annual mean rainfall: 18.4oC annual mean temperature) for drier areas. First season (2011/12) results showed that for the wetter pair, maize and groundnut grain yields were significantly higher at the cooler site (Mazowe). Sorghum yields were not significantly different between the sites and there was no grain yield for cowpea at the cooler site due to a fungal disease. Varietal yield differences were only significantly higher (P<0.05) at the cooler site for groundnut where the short duration variety had the highest yield (3809 kg/ha) and the medium duration variety the lowest yield (1420 kg/ha), compared with 140-355 kg/ha at the hotter site where growth was poor for all varieties. For the drier sites, maize, sorghum and cowpea grain yields were higher at the cooler site (Matobo) compared with the hotter sites (Chiredzi) but varietal differences were not significant. Results for the second season (2012/13) will be presented.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
CRP: UNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: Zimbabwe, maize, sorghum, groundnut, cowpea, climate analogues, Grain yield, climate change
Subjects: Others > Cowpea
Mandate crops > Groundnut
Mandate crops > Sorghum
Others > Climate Change
Others > African Agriculture
Others > Zimbabwe
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2017 08:46
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2017 08:46
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/10188
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