Genetic analysis of mechanisms associated with inheritance of resistance to sheath rot of rice

Mvuyekure, S M and Sibiya, J and Derera, J and Nzungize, J and Nkima, G (2017) Genetic analysis of mechanisms associated with inheritance of resistance to sheath rot of rice. Plant Breeding, 136 (4). pp. 509-515. ISSN 01799541

[img]
Preview
PDF (It is an Open Access article) - Accepted Version
Download (188kB) | Preview

Abstract

Understanding genetic mechanisms controlling inheritance of disease resistance traits is essential in breeding investigations targeting development of resistant genotypes. Using North Carolina design II, 32 F1 hybrids were generated by crossing eight susceptible to four resistant parents and submitted for field evaluation. The analysis of general and specific combining ability (GCA and SCA) indicated involvement of additive and non-additive gene action controlling inheritance of horizontal resistance to sheath rot of rice. High GCA/SCA ratio and high heritability estimates revealed additive effects and were more predominant than none additive ones. The level of dominance indicated dominant genes was more important than recessive genes. Estimates of GCA and SCA analysis suggested that crop improvement programmes should be directed towards selection of superior parents or good combiners, emphasizing on GCA. As far as source of resistance is concerned, most promising genotypes were Cyicaro, Yunertian and Yunkeng. The predominance of additive genetic effects together with the relevance of dominant genes suggested possibilities of improving the resistance by introgression of resistance genes through recurrent selection coupled with phenotypic selection.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Research Program : West & Central Africa
CRP: UNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: Rice, genetic analysis, genetic mechanisms, breeding investigations, gene action controlling inheritance, rice production, breeding gains
Subjects: Others > Genetic Engineering
Others > Rice
Others > Genetics and Genomics
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 30 Aug 2017 10:48
Last Modified: 30 Aug 2017 10:49
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/10163
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pbr.12492
Projects: UNSPECIFIED
Funders: The Alliance for Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA); African Center for Crop Improvement (ACCI); University of KwaZulu-Natal
Acknowledgement: The Alliance for Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA), African Center for Crop Improvement (ACCI) and University of KwaZulu-Natal are gratefully acknowledged for funding and supervising this study. Special thanks go also to Rwanda Agriculture Board (RAB) for facilitating this study in one way or another.
Links:

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item