Limited-transpiration response to high vapor pressure deficit in crop species

Sinclair, T R and Devi, J and Shekoofa, A and Choudhary, S and Sadok, W and Vadez, V and Riar, M and Rufty, T (2017) Limited-transpiration response to high vapor pressure deficit in crop species. Plant Science, 260. pp. 109-118. ISSN 01689452

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Abstract

Water deficit under nearly all field conditions is the major constraint on plant yields. Other than empirical observations, very little progress has been made in developing crop plants in which specific physiological traits for drought are expressed. As a consequence, there was little known about under what conditions and to what extent drought impacts crop yield. However, there has been rapid progress in recent years in understanding and developing a limited-transpiration trait under elevated atmospheric vapor pressure deficit to increase plant growth and yield under water-deficit conditions. This review paper examines the physiological basis for the limited-transpiration trait as result of low plant hydraulic conductivity, which appears to be related to aquaporin activity. Methodology was developed based on aquaporin involvement to identify candidate genotypes for drought tolerance of several major crop species. Cultivars of maize and soybean are now being marketed specifically for arid conditions. Understanding the mechanism of the limited-transpiration trait has allowed a geospatial analyses to define the environments in which increased yield responses can be expected. This review highlights the challenges and approaches to finally develop physiological traits contributing directly to plant improvement for water-limited environments.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Research Program : Innovation Systems for the Drylands (ISD)
CRP: UNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aquaporins, Drought, Hydraulic conductivity, Transpiration, Vapor pressure deficit, VPD, Drought tolerance, Crop species, Physiological traits, Water shortage, Physiological research
Subjects: Others > Plant Physiology
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2017 05:03
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2017 05:03
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/10096
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.plantsci.2017.04.007
Projects: UNSPECIFIED
Funders: UNSPECIFIED
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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