Sorghum and Pearl Millet Genetic Resources Utilization

Dahlberg, J A and Hash, C T and Kresovich, S and Maunder, B and Gilbert, M (1996) Sorghum and Pearl Millet Genetic Resources Utilization. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Genetic Improvement of Sorghum and Pearl Millet, Lubbock, Texas, USA.

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Abstract

Sorghum and pearl millet are unique in size and diversity. The largest collections contain 40,570 (U.S. sorghum collection) and21,191 (ICR1SATpearl millet collection) accessions. Less than three percent of these accessions have been used in crop improvement. Curation— or acquisition, maintenance, characterization, and utilization—plays a role in exploitation o f the genetic variation within these collections. Cultivation of sorghum andpearl millet is increasing the use of marginal agricultural land. Future utilization will depend on increased research on abiotic and biotic stress tolerance. To facilitate exploitation o f this vast germplasm, traditional and biotechnical methods must be combined to provide better understanding of the genetic variation available, which then can be used in crop enhancement. This can only be accomplished through sharing of ideas, particularly through creation of an arena where information is globally accessible.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
CRP: UNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sorghum, Pearl millet, Genetic conservation, Germplasm collection, CRISAT, U.S. National Plant Germplasm System, Genetic Resources Utilization
Subjects: Mandate crops > Millets
Mandate crops > Millets > Pearl Millet
Mandate crops > Sorghum
Others > Genetics and Genomics
Others > Germplasm Collection
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2017 05:24
Last Modified: 02 Jun 2017 05:52
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/10039
Acknowledgement: The authors would like to thank Dr. Keith Schertz for his contribution to the genetic stocks section and Dr. K. E. Prasada Rao for his helpful suggestions on the manuscript.
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