Overcoming constraints to utilization of sorghum and millet

Rooney, L W and Waniska, R D and Subramanian, R (1997) Overcoming constraints to utilization of sorghum and millet. In: Proceedings of the international conference on genetic improvement of sorghum and pearl millet, 1997 September, Lubbock, Texas USA.

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Sorghum and pearl millet are used in a wide variety o f traditional foods in the semi-arid tropics. However, their use as food is declining in urban areas as wheat, rice, and maize products become more plentiful. Lack o f a reliable supply o f high quality grain for processing severely limits the acceptance o f sorghum and pearl millet. Shelf-stable products are in short supply because the grains available for processing are o f inferior quality. Technology is availablefor processing sorghum andpearl millet; however, major extension and improved cultivars are needed. Other constraints to the use o f sorghum and pearl millet include their image as “second class ” crops, the tannins in sorghum, low cost imported wheat, rice, and maize, and government policies. Breeders must work diligently to develop new cultivars, targeting total units o f useful food or feed per hectare. Improved end-use quality will allow value-added processing, which could improve farm income from identity-preserved grain.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sorghum, Millet, Grain Quality, Feed Utilization, Food Utilization, Pearl millet, Cereal Quality
Subjects: Mandate crops > Millets
Mandate crops > Millets > Pearl Millet
Mandate crops > Sorghum
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2017 04:26
Last Modified: 02 Jun 2017 04:42
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/10035
Acknowledgement: I want to thank Ms. Pamela Littlejohn for word processing assistance. I thank my colleagues in the Texas A&M Sorghum Improvement Program for 30 years of wonderful cooperation and collaboration on sorghum quality research. Finally, I appreciate the long-term financial support from The Texas Agricultural Experiment Station and The United States Agency for International Development Collaborative Research Support through the International Sorghum and Millet Program (INTSORMIL).
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